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Case Study| Type 1 Diabetes

  There are an estimated 1.2 million people, living with diabetes and 85 per cent of them have type two, while the other 13 per cent have type 1 (Australian Government Department of Health, 2016). Genetics play a big part in the development of type 1 diabetes, which is an autoimmune condition where the body’s immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas. Destruction … Continue reading Case Study| Type 1 Diabetes

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Macrominerals| Calcium

Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body, It is the major ingredient in the inorganic component of the bone. In the remainder of the body, it takes part in various biochemical reactions. These mechanisms include the clotting process, neural transmission and muscular contraction including the cardiac muscle. It is however essential that the levels of calcium in the body are controlled. Too much … Continue reading Macrominerals| Calcium

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What is Vitamin B1

Anyone that takes multivitamins will be aware of the distinctive smell some of them have. This smell is usually due to thiamine, which like many sulfur-containing compounds is slightly malodorous. The primary dietary sources are pork, beef, liver, unrefined grain products, yeast products and nuts. Thiamine is converted into pyrophosphate, which acts as a coenzyme in some vital carbohydrate metabolic process. The metabolism of alcohol … Continue reading What is Vitamin B1

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The Importance of Vitamin A

  Vitamins are a very diverse group of organic substances that are essential in the proper functioning of the metabolic process in the body. Many Vitamins especially those found in the B group function as coenzymes. This article will focus solely on the importance of vitamin A Vitamin A belongs to a group of chemicals called retinoids, after numerous chemical modification some retinoids are very … Continue reading The Importance of Vitamin A

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Haemodynamic Disorders| Thrombosis, Infarction and Shock

Haemodynamic in biology is how blood flows through the cardiovascular system. Haemodynamics is also related to cardiac output (perfusion pressure differences at various parts of the system and peripheral vascular resistance (the different perimeters combining to affect the blood flow in each organ) Haemodynamic Disorders Maintenance of a healthy fluid balance is very important for survival. A large part of each cell is made of … Continue reading Haemodynamic Disorders| Thrombosis, Infarction and Shock

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Acute Coronary Syndrome

Acute Coronary Syndrome is a group of clinical symptoms compatible with myocardial ischemia and includes unstable angina, non-ST – segment elevation MI (NSTEMI) and ST elevation MI (STEMI). The manifestation of these symptoms often needs urgent medical care and hospitalisation (Kumar & Cannon, 2009). ACS happens as a result of decreased blood flow to the coronary arteries. Coronary arteries are arteries which transports blood into … Continue reading Acute Coronary Syndrome

Research Check: are phone-obsessed teens at greater risk of ADHD?

  Hyperactivity and inattentiveness doesn’t mean you have ADHD. Ant Rozetsky Hannah Kirk, Monash University This week, news outlets across the world reported a study from the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) linking digital media exposure to reduced attention spans and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): But while the study found a link between high rates of digital media use and inattention and hyperactivity, … Continue reading Research Check: are phone-obsessed teens at greater risk of ADHD?