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The Sonic Hedgehog Gene

  The sonic hedgehog gene is the human form of the hedgehog superfamily of inductive molecules that play a role in the development of the embryo. The action of the hedgehog gene was first observed in the Drosophila, recent studies have found members of the gene in metazoan, sea urchin, leech, and beetle (Sudhir bar 1995). This is according to an experiment that was done … Continue reading The Sonic Hedgehog Gene

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Explainer| The Menstrual cycle

The female reproductive system is made up of the gonads, duct system and accessory glands. Produces garments and transports them for fertilisation, the process of birth and nurturing. When the oocyte is matured it is expelled from the ovaries and then travels down the fallopian tube. Eggs pass through the fallopian tube to the uterus where they are fertilised. They burrow into the walls of the … Continue reading Explainer| The Menstrual cycle

Scientists discover first step towards finding a new, targeted lung cancer treatment

  Press release 21 August 2018 Cancer Research UK news_lab-1.jpg Scientists have identified a key molecular player in a subtype of lung cancer which could lead to a new way to tackle the disease, according to research published in Nature Communications. “How LUSC develops is a bit of puzzle – until now our molecular understanding of this process was limited. Our research has revealed a major piece of … Continue reading Scientists discover first step towards finding a new, targeted lung cancer treatment

How chemotherapy works

Chemotherapy works by killing cancer cells and has different effects on different types of cancer. Find out how it works and the different ways you might have chemotherapy. How chemotherapy kills cancer cells Chemotherapy circulates throughout your body in the bloodstream. So it can treat cancer cells almost anywhere in the body. This is known as systemic treatment. Chemotherapy kills cells that are in the process of … Continue reading How chemotherapy works

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News Digest |Study finds Gastric Bypass increases risk of Bone Fractures and falls

A study published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research shows that there is a 30 per cent increase in the risk of fractures after a gastric bypass operation. The study also discovered that falls increase after these operations as well. “Gastric bypass is a well-established method that has proven effective in reducing obesity, diabetes and mortality, so naturally our findings do not mean … Continue reading News Digest |Study finds Gastric Bypass increases risk of Bone Fractures and falls

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Rare Conditions |Proteus Syndrome 

Proteus syndrome  Commonly known as elephant man syndrome, Proteus syndrome is a rare condition that is characterized by an overgrowth of bones, skin, and tissue. The organs affected grow un-proportional. The condition is named after a Greek sea-god Proteus known to change its shape. Proteus syndrome was first described by Drs Samia Temtamy, and John Rogers, Dr. Michael Cohan letter described it in 1979. In … Continue reading Rare Conditions |Proteus Syndrome 

Why is finding a cure for HIV so hard?

What causes HIV? HIV/AIDS is an acquired immunodeficiency disease which is caused by a virus that is transmitted when there is a transfer of bodily fluids from an infected person. The most common form of transmission is through having unprotected sex and the sharing of needles with an infected person; the people most at risk of this are injection drug users and sex workers. HIV can also be … Continue reading Why is finding a cure for HIV so hard?