Acute Coronary Syndrome is a group of clinical symptoms compatible with myocardial ischemia and includes unstable angina, non-ST – segment elevation MI (NSTEMI) and ST elevation MI (STEMI). The manifestation of these symptoms often needs urgent medical care and hospitalisation (Kumar & Cannon, 2009). ACS happens as a result of decreased blood flow to the coronary arteries. Coronary arteries are arteries which transports blood into … Continue reading Acute Coronary Syndrome
Pathophysiology words and meaning Metaplasia this is where one cell type is converted to another usually because of continues cells injury Dysplasia happens when the cells of an organ or tissue changes in size, shape, and arrangement, cytological similar to cancer and may proceed it Congenital – these are diseases that are present at birth; some congenital disease are related to disease during pregnancy Hyperplasia– Refers … Continue reading Below is a List of some common words used in Pathophysiology
The word malignant, when applied to hypertension, describes a syndrome in which organ malfunction and damage to the tissue happens in widespread areas of the body. If malignant hypertension is not treated aggressively, it can progress to a catastrophic event that nearly always has a fatal outcome (Oczek, 1976). Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure, there are a number of factors that contribute … Continue reading Malignant Hypertension
The human circulatory system is a two-part system, whose purpose is bringing blood rich in oxygen to the tissue and the body. When the heart contracts it pushes the blood out into two significant loops or cycle. In the systemic loop, the blood circulates into the blood system, bringing oxygen to all the organs, and tissues and collecting carbon dioxide waste. In the pulmonary circuit, … Continue reading The Explainer | Types of Heart Failure
Any injury that causes the cells to die will elicit and inflammatory response. This is to remove the debris of the dead cells and the source of the injury. Inflammation can be acute or chronic, but whatever type, phagocytic cells and blood proteins move to the area of infection. The response is dependant on both vasoactive and chemotactic messengers from the site of injury, and these … Continue reading Repair, Healing and Regenaration of cells.
Delirium is defined as a sudden severe confusion and rapid changes in brain function that happen with physical and mental illness. It is a clinical syndrome or a set of symptoms and not a disease. It is one of the oldest forms of mental disorder that has been known in medical history. Studies indicate that 32-67% of delirious patients go into hospital undiagnosed. Delirium can be … Continue reading Is it Delirium or is it Dementia?
This is a condition that arises when there is too much fluid in the tissue spaces or the cavities of the body and can result in congestion. In inflammation the fluid accumulation we see is normal, this is part of the process, where the fluid that is rich in protein goals to the area. This is different from non- inflammatory oedema, where the fluid accumulation not … Continue reading What causes Oedema and how to Prevent It